How EPA EV Vary Figures Evaluate with Actuality

From the July/August 2023 problem of Automobile and Driver.

In 2016, we began measuring autos’ real-world freeway gasoline financial system with a 200-mile out-and-back route pushed at a gradual 75 mph. As extra EVs joined the celebration, this additionally turned our freeway vary take a look at, with the gap lengthened or shortened to make use of all of the battery’s juice. A transparent development has emerged: Most EVs fall considerably wanting their label’s vary determine, whereas gas-powered autos have a tendency to fulfill or exceed their EPA fuel-economy values. We used these ends in a paper we co-authored for SAE Worldwide outlining EVs’ window-sticker-range shortfalls. And even the vary from our take a look at is bold, as that is utilizing one hundred pc of the battery’s vitality, which is all however unimaginable to do with out stranding your self. Additionally, charging speeds gradual dramatically above about an 80 % state of cost, so if you’re touring higher distances than a single cost and juicing up on the street, it is usually sensible to cost solely to 70 or 80 %. We expect it is time for the EPA to make use of a more durable methodology for setting EV vary.

range reality

Infographic by Nicolas Rapp|Automobile and Driver


The greater than 350 gas- and diesel-powered autos we have examined have, on common, exceeded their label’s EPA freeway gasoline financial system by 4 %, whereas the roughly 60 EVs we have examined have fallen 13 % wanting the vary determine on their window sticker. That is a recipe for disappointing consumers switching from gasoline to electrical.


Automakers can select to check EVs utilizing both a two- or five-cycle methodology. The autos which have their vary figures boosted with five-cycle testing do far worse on our real-world route. For instance, EVs from Porsche and Mercedes-Benz are one of the best performers and the one two manufacturers whose autos constantly exceed their label values (by a mean of 6 and seven %, respectively). Tesla employs among the highest adjustment elements and produces the autos that underperform by the widest margin, with a mean shortfall of 26 %. At freeway speeds, the precise vary distinction between a 405-mile Tesla Mannequin S and a 242-mile Porsche Taycan is barely about 40 miles, not the 163 miles the labels would have you ever consider. With gas-powered automobiles, we do not see dramatic variations amongst automakers in real-world versus label gasoline financial system.


Each EV has particular person EPA city- and highway-range figures, however the one worth displayed on the window sticker is a mixed quantity, weighted 55 % towards town outcome, which is usually greater. Displaying the freeway quantity, which averages 5 % decrease than the mixed worth, would assist just a little.

Headshot of Dave VanderWerp

Director, Car Testing

Dave VanderWerp has spent greater than 20 years within the automotive business, in assorted roles from engineering to product consulting, and now main Automobile and Driver‘s vehicle-testing efforts. Dave received his very fortunate begin at C/D by occurring to submit an unsolicited resume at simply the precise time to land a part-time street warrior job when he was a scholar on the College of Michigan, the place he instantly turned enthralled with the world of automotive journalism.


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