The fascinating historical past of glassware: Why we drink from totally different glasses.
Have you ever ever been out with a bunch of 5 folks and when your drink orders got here, the bartender delivered 5 drinks in 5 very various kinds of glasses?
That actually looks as if a whole lot of foolish effort for one thing that may’t probably make that a lot of a distinction, proper? Nicely, maintain on to your barstools, people, since you’re about to embark on a journey by means of the surprisingly various world of bar glassware.
Consider it or not, they are not only for present. They’ve a sensible objective too.
Why does the form and measurement of a glass matter a lot? Nicely, all of it comes right down to enhancing the sensory expertise of every drink. That may very well be defending, highlighting, or discouraging attributes of a selected drink by modifying the form of the vessel the drink is available in.
The Principal Causes a Bar Glass is Chosen for a Particular Drink:
- Primarily based on how a lot liquid the drink is
- Whether or not it’s served with or with out ice
- Whether or not it accommodates carbonation (slim preserves bubbles)
- To guard (slim) or bloom (vast) refined or deep aromas
- If preparation requires a large glass to keep away from spillage throughout straining
- Cultural custom
There’s one other vital component on the root of most of the totally different glasses: historical past. Even past the sensible advantages many of those glass varieties present, there’s additionally a heritage and custom being preserved and continued, and that isn’t one thing that must be undervalued. As a species, people have celebrated, commiserated, and have become acquainted over wine, beer, and spirits for millennia.
And that, my buddies, is simply the tip of the [cocktail] ice [berg]. So, pour your self a drink and let’s delve deeper into the distinct world of bar glassware.
Kinds of Cocktail Glasses
Maybe it’s no shock due to the sheer variety of totally different cocktails that cocktail glasses are available in probably the most various sizes and shapes. The phrase “cocktail” was first utilized in a British newspaper in 1798. These have been a descendant of British punches, which have been first introduced from India within the 1600s, the place they have been a typical a part of tradition. In order you possibly can think about, that peculiar wanting drink you simply ordered truly has a number of hundred years of evolution behind it.
Previous Original Glasses
Old style glasses, also referred to as rocks glasses, are brief and durable with a large rim and base. These glasses are perfect for robust, spirit ahead cocktails which can be decrease in quantity as a result of an absence of mixer components. They may even be used to serve spirits like whiskey with out ice, once more as a result of their smaller measurement. The vast base of the glass permits for the addition of enormous ice cubes, which soften slowly and hold the drink cool with out diluting it too shortly.
The broad, spherical form of the glass is ideal for cocktails that want straining and serving “up”. The vast form makes straining out solids simpler, and the roundness prevents contents from spilling whereas pouring however for that reason it isn’t used for carbonated drinks, which might trigger it to lose its bubbles too shortly. This can be a quite common bar glass used for shaken or stirred cocktails that do not need ice within the glass; the stem, in idea, reduces warming the drink by way of warmth switch from the hand like a wine glass.
Collins & Highball Glasses
Whereas Collins and Highball glasses are technically totally different sizes, with the Highball often holding 8-10 ounces and the Collins holding as much as 14, usually the time period is used interchangeably. There’s a excellent likelihood when you find yourself served a drink that appears like this, it’s in all probability a Highball glass. Tall and slim, Collins and Highball glasses have a bigger capability than most cocktail glasses. Due to this, these glasses are used for “lengthy” drinks: Those who have a usually excessive quantity of liquid from mixers and are served over ice. The slim form is good for combined drinks that embrace carbonation from soda. Whenever you order a non-alcoholic drink from a bar, it is usually prone to be served in a Highball glass.
Nick and Nora Glass
The Nick & Nora, used for serving stirred or shaken cocktails, is a widely known sort of cocktail glassware that was rebirthed by bartender Dale DeGroff for the Rainbow Room in New York in 1987. DeGroff discovered a design he appreciated, a small coupe named “Little Martini,” in a Thirties catalog and renamed it the Nick & Nora after characters in Dashiell Hammett’s “The Skinny Man.” It has an extended stem, high-sided bowl, slim mouth, and small capability. They’re extra bell-shaped in comparison with a coupe glass, and are sometimes used for stirred drinks.
Audrey Saunders popularized the glass when she used it at Bemelmans Bar and Pegu Membership, seeing it as a solution to introduce clients to basic cocktails and problem the concept greater was higher for Martini presentation. As we speak, the Nick & Nora glass is used for traditional cocktails just like the Martini, Manhattan, Vesper, and Sidecar, and is common amongst bartenders and cocktail lovers.
Widespread Cocktails: Espresso Martini, Cosmopolitan
That includes an iconic “V”-shaped bowl design, this glassware is definitely recognizable. Many modern cocktail bars have chosen to switch this glass form with coupes and Nick and Nora glasses. Its form makes it ideally suited for having fun with drinks with a minimal of mixers. The basic martini glass holds 6-8 ounces of liquid and is used to serve quite a lot of cocktails not served with ice, however is most famously related to the Martini.
Widespread Cocktails: Moscow Mule
Nice for preserving chilled drinks cool, copper mugs are a vital merchandise for any fan of the favored Moscow Mule cocktail. Most copper mugs include an inside lining of one other materials, similar to nickel or chrome steel, to keep away from the potential leaching of copper into the drink. The insulated exterior of the mug helps to maintain the drinks chilly, which is very useful when having fun with a Moscow Mule on a sizzling summer time day.
The distinctive metallic mug has an extended custom going again to the Forties. Its rise to recognition is attributed to John G. Martin, a businessman who traveled the nation making an attempt to get bars to serve Smirnoff and the accompanying Moscow Mule cocktail. He would take pictures of every bartender with the bottle of Smirnoff and a copper mug as proof to the following bartender of its recognition. May a Moscow Mule be served in a Highball or Previous Original glass? Actually, however with 80 years of custom we respect the continued use of the long-lasting mug.
Widespread Cocktails: Mint Julep
The julep cup is a metallic cup with a wealthy historical past and cultural significance. It’s primarily used to serve the favored southern drink, the mint julep which grew to become notably common in Kentucky, the place it was related to horse racing and the Kentucky Derby. The standard julep cup was manufactured from silver, however over time it has been produced in extra metals similar to chrome steel, pewter, and others.
The julep cup’s metallic building not solely retains the drink cool but additionally provides to the festive environment of the event. To this present day, the julep cup stays a well-liked image of southern hospitality.
Specialised Spirit Glasses
Glencairn Whisky Glass
Widespread Drinks: Scotch
The Glencairn whisky glass relies on conventional nosing copitas utilized in whisky labs in Scotland and was developed by Raymond Davidson with the help of grasp blenders from 5 of the biggest whisky firms in Scotland. It gained the Queen’s Award for innovation in 2006 and is meant to carry roughly 50 ml of whisky. It’s common to seek out these in institutions that concentrate on serving finer Scotches for tastings.
Widespread Drinks: Brandy & Cognac
A snifter is a novel sort of glass that’s particularly designed for ingesting robust alcohols similar to darkish liquors, stouts and powerful ales. The time period “snifter” dates again to 1844 and refers back to the act of sniffing the drink nevertheless it wasn’t till 1937 that this glass form took on the title. The act of sniffing the drink is a crucial side of having fun with the total taste of robust alcohols.
The glass is characterised by a brief stem and a rounded base that tapers as much as a slim prime. The massive bowl and slim prime of the snifter glass permits the aroma of the drink to collect, which in flip enhances the ingesting expertise.
Kinds of Wine Glasses
Claus Riedel, an Austrian glassmaker, was the primary to research the hyperlink between the scale and form of a wine glass and its impact on the style of the wine. He discovered that the extra empty house within the glass, the higher it will possibly comprise the flavour of the wine.
The suitable sort of wine glass can enhance the style and expertise of totally different wine varieties. Its measurement and form can have an effect on the aroma and taste, notably with the tannins current in purple wines, because it influences the dispersal of fragrant vapors. Stemmed glasses are simpler to swirl and assist hold the wine from getting heat whereas stemless glasses are extra informal.
Pink Wine Glasses
The broader bowl of a purple wine glass permits extra air to flow into with the wine, which may help to deliver out the flavour and aroma. Pink wine glasses usually have a bigger rim diameter than white wine glasses, to higher showcase the wine’s aroma and taste.
For purists, there are various kinds of purple wine glasses, together with Bordeaux, Burgundy, Pinot Noir, and Syrah glasses, every designed for a selected sort of purple wine, nevertheless most individuals will solely personal a single fashion for his or her purple wines.
White Wine Glasses
White wines have extra delicate tastes and aromas, and thus white wine glasses are slimmer and have a smaller rim to take care of a cooler temperature and higher specific the acidity. The cylindrical form of a white wine glass helps to maintain the wine cool by limiting floor space publicity to the air.
Glowing Wine Glasses
Glowing wine glasses, also referred to as champagne flutes, are tall and slim with a small bowl, a design that helps to protect the bubbles within the wine longer by decreasing the floor space the place the bubbles can escape. This form additionally helps improve the visible look of the bubbles, which is especially vital for glowing wines like Champagne.
Completely different Kinds of Beer Glasses
For as many varieties of cocktails as there are, there are additionally a powerful quantity of beer varieties. Every with distinctive traits, traditions, and historical past that influences what sort of glass it is served in. Listed below are a number of of the commonest:
American Shaker Pint Glass
For years, the shaker glass, also referred to as the American pint glass, has been the go-to for serving quite a lot of beers in bars and houses throughout America. Technically the top-half to a Boston cocktail shaker, its versatility, straight-sided design with a barely tapered prime, and 16-ounce capability make it excellent for each draft and bottled beers. Initially designed for mixing drinks within the early twentieth century, it will definitely grew to become the usual glass for American draft beer after Prohibition. Nonetheless, as the recognition of microbreweries and the data of homebrewing unfold within the late Seventies, the shaker glass has been phased out, and extra specialised glasses are taking its place.
Whereas the shaker glass continues to be a basic, bars are more and more utilizing glasses just like the snifter, tumbler, tulip, German-style mug, and Hefeweisen glass to boost the beer-drinking expertise. These glasses are specifically designed to showcase various kinds of beer, from hoppy IPAs to wealthy stouts.
Nonic Pint Glass
Beers Generally Served: English ales like pale ales, bitters, darkish milds
The Nonic pint glass, also referred to as an Imperial pint glass, is a well-liked selection in British pubs, recognized for its sturdiness and practicality. One of many defining options of the Nonic glass is the bulge situated round an inch under the lip, which units it other than the extra streamlined shaker glass. This bulge serves a number of functions: it provides the drinker a safe place to carry the glass, appearing as a bumper if the glass is tipped over, and in addition prevents harm to the rim of the glass if it falls on its facet. Whereas the title Nonic seems like one thing fancy out of Greek instances, it is truly a play on “no-nick” and was a key level in Hugo Decide’s patent utility in 1914:
Adopted as an official measure by the British Parliament again in 1824, this glass has been a fixture in English bars because the Sixties. A real imperial pint will maintain 20 ounces in comparison with the usual American pint of 16. The Nonic glass is appropriate for many beer kinds, however is historically used for stouts, porters, or British brown ales.
Imperial Tulip Pint Glass
The imperial tulip pint can also be generally often called the Irish Imperial Pint or Guinness Glass. With its tulip form and straight partitions on the prime, this 20-ounce glass will not be solely aesthetically pleasing but additionally has a number of advantages. Its smaller base and extra pronounced bulb make it simpler to carry for some folks, whereas the vast mouth offers ample house for the beer to launch its aroma, making it the normal method for having fun with a Guinness Stout. Pouring slowly permits for a creamy foam to stand up, forming a skinny head on prime that enhances the general ingesting expertise.
Whereas the tulip pint glass is commonly related to Irish stouts and ales, it is also appropriate for any beer with “Nitro” within the title. Be conscious if looking for one, there are additionally 16 ounce American variations accessible.
Pilsner Flute Glass
The Pilsner flute, originating from Germany, is a sort of beer glass designed to boost the ingesting expertise of Pilsner fashion beers. Its skinny tapered form is just like that of a champagne flute, providing safety to the beer fashion’s defining crisp effervescence. The slim backside and calmly flared sides of the Pilsner flute result in a centered launch of bubbles, leading to a visually interesting motion of fine-beaded carbonation. The thin diameter of the glass helps type and keep a thick head, whereas additionally making a direct path for the hop aromas to succeed in the nostril.
The Pilsner flute is good for quite a lot of Pilsner-style beers, together with German Pilsners, Bohemian Pilsners, Belgian Lagers, American Lagers, and Kölsch.
The Weizen glass is a novel sort of beer glass that originated in Germany particularly for wheat beers, with weizen which means wheat in German. This tall and curved glass has a capability of 16 ounces, making it the right measurement for a beneficiant serving of your favourite wheat beer. The form of the Weizen pint glass is just like that of an Imperial tulip pint glass, however it’s taller and curvier.
This design was created particularly to showcase the colour and carbonation of wheat beers, providing a visually interesting expertise for the drinker. As well as, the tall and curvier form of the Weizen pint glass offers ample house for the pinnacle to be fashioned.
Belgian Tulip Beer Glass
This curvy, stemmed glass is designed particularly for Belgian ales and different complicated brews with a better alcohol by quantity. With its signature tulip form, that includes a bulbous physique that tapers on the prime and a flared rim, this glass serves to boost the aromas and flavors of your beer. The tulip form helps to seize the beer’s scent, making a creamy head of froth that delivers a burst of taste with every sip.